Anime are often categorized by demographic target, including Kodomo (children), shojo (girls), shōnen (males) and a wide range of genres targeting an adult audience. Shoujo and Shonen anime times contain popular elements with children of both sexes, in an attempt to get the adhesion to the marriage. Adult entertainment may have a slower or more complex plot that younger audiences are generally unattractive as well as adult topics and situations. A subset of the adult anime contains pornographic elements and is labeled “R18” in Japan, but internationally these works are grouped under the term hentai (in Japanese it means “perverted”). However, a variety of anime subgenres from all demographic groups incorporate ecchi, sexual themes or curtains without depictions of sexual intercourse, as typified in the genres of comedy or harem; Due to its popularity among the elements of teenagers and amateur Adults, the incorporation of anime ecchi is considered a form of service of the fans.
Animated type classification is different from other types of animation and does not lend itself to simple identity. Gilles Poitras likened Gundam 0080 and its complex depiction of war as an anime “giant robot” similar to simply labeling the war and peace of a “war novel.” Science fiction is a great genre of anime and includes such important historical works as Astro Boy Tezuka and Tetsujin 28-go Yokoyama. One of the main sub-genres of science fiction is Mecha, with Gundam metaseries being emblematic. The various genres of fantasy include works based on Asian and Western traditions and folklore; Examples include the Japanese Feudal Fairy Tale InuYasha, and the representation of the Scandinavian goddesses who moves to Japan to hold a computer called Yggdrasil in Oh! My Goddess. The type of cross in the anime is also prevalent, such as the mixture of fantasy and comedy to the half dragon, and the incorporation of antics in the anime crime castle of Cagliostro. Other subgenres found in the anime include magical girl, harem, sports, martial arts, literary adaptations, medievalism and war.
Genres have sprung novels that explore homosexuals. Although originally pornographic terminology, yaoi (male homosexuality) and Yuri (female homosexuality) are generally used internationally to describe any focus on issues or the development of romantic sex. Before 2000, homosexual characters are generally used for the comic effect, but some works have portrayed these characters in earnest or sympathy.
Definition and use
Anime is an art form, specifically animation, which includes all genres found in movies, but can be misclassified as a genre. In Japanese, the word anime refers to all forms of animation around the world. In English, the anime (/ ænɪmeɪ /) is used more narrowly to refer to a “Japanese animation film or television entertainment” or as “an animation style created in Japan.”
The etymology of the word of anime is disputed. The English word “animation” is written in Japanese katakana as ニ メ メ ー ョ ン ン (animēshon, pronounced [animeɴoɴ]) and is ニ メ メ (anime) in abbreviated form. Some sources say that anime is derived from the French term for the cartoon film, but others believe it is a myth derived from the popularity of France in the mid to late 1970s and 1980s. In English, anime – when used as A common name – usually functions as a mass noun. (For example: “Do you see the anime” or “How much anime have you compiled?”) Before the widespread use of anime, the term Japonimation was widespread throughout the 1970s and 1980s through the middle of the years 1980, the term anime began to supplant Japanese animation. In general, the latter term seems more now than in the working time in which it is used to distinguish and identify Japanese animation.
The word for anime was also criticized, for example. In 1987, when Hayao Miyazaki says that in short the truncated anime word because for him it represented the ruin of the Japanese animation industry. Assimilated desolation with animators lack of motivation and massive production of expressionist products, based on an iconography fixed facial expressions and scenes of action extended and exaggerated, but lacking depth and sophistication to the extent that we do not try to convey Emotion or thought.
The first anime format was theatrical display that originally began with commercial production in 1917. Originally, animated flips were necessary raw and musical components played before adding sound and voice components to production. July 14, 1958, Nippon Television broadcast Mogura No. Abanchūru (“The Adventure of Mole”), both in the first anime on television and the first color to start. It was only in the 1960s that the first television series was broadcast and remained in a popular medium ever since. Works format video format of the live broadcast are called “OVA” (OVA) or “OVA” (OAV); And in general it was not released in theaters or televised in front of the press in the country. The emergence of the Internet has led some animators to distribute the works online in a format called “original net anime” (ONA).
Home delivery versions of anime became popular in the 1980s with VHS format and laser discs. The NTSC VHS video format used in Japan and the United States is credited as helping the growing popularity of anime in the 1990s formats of VHS and laser discs were transcended by the DVD format offering the unique advantages; Including multiple subtitling and dubbing tracks on the same disc. The DVD also has its drawbacks in its use of encoding region; Adopted by the industry to deal with the problems of licensing, piracy and export restricted area is indicated on the DVD drive. The video CD format (VCD) was very popular in Hong Kong and Taiwan, but became a minor size in the United States was closely associated with pirated copies.
Anime (Japanese: ニ メ メ) is a Japanese animation, or animated by a computer by hand. Japan or as a Japanese-disseminated style of animation is often characterized by vibrant color graphics, characters and themes, fantastiques. Possiblement culturally abstract approach with the meaning of the word can open the possibility of anime produced in countries other than Japan . Western watch strictly anime as a Japanese animation product. Some researchers suggest that it defines the anime or specifically how the Japanese quintessence may be linked to a new form of Orientalism.
The first dates of Japanese commercial animation since 1917, and production of Japanese animation since then has continued to increase steadily. The anime style art feature has emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread to other countries in the late twentieth century, developing a wide national and international audience. Animated films are distributed by television programs directly to the media at home, and online. It is classified in many genres aimed at different audiences wide and niche.
Anime is a diverse art form, with distinctive production methods and techniques that have been adapted over time in response to new technologies. It consists of an ideal narrative mechanism, combining graphic art, characterization, cinematography, and other forms of imaginative and individualistic techniques. Anime production focuses less on motion animation and more on the realism of setting and using camera effects, including pan, zoom and angle shots. Being pulled by the hand, the anime is separated from reality by a critical vacuum in the fiction that provides a convenient way to escape the audience can delve into with relative ease. Different styles of art are used and the proportions of the characters and features can vary widely, including the eyes or the great emotional feature of realistic size.
The anime industry consists of more than 430 production studios, including leading names such as Studio Ghibli, Gainax and Toei Animation. Despite only a fraction of understanding the Japanese domestic market for film, anime is the majority of Japanese DVD sales. He also enjoyed international success after the rise of English programming. This rise in international popularity has led to non-Japanese productions using the anime art style, but this work is generally described as Anime-Influenced instead of anime itself.